This picture shows Burntisland School headmaster James Lothian Mitchell with the Burntisland pupil teachers, circa 1905.
Up to 1906, Scottish schools used the system of pupil teachers.
Promising boys and girls aged 13 were apprenticed to their head teacher for four years.
In return for a very modest salary they taught classes of younger pupils under the supervision of the head teacher.
After this gruelling apprenticeship, the best of the pupil teachers went on to teacher training colleges.