The University of St Andrews has been named the best in Scotland for the second year running.
The alma mater of former First Minister Alex Salmond and the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge was named joint fifth in the Complete University Guide’s league tables along with Durham University, down one place from fourth in last year’s rankings.
The University of Edinburgh forced its way back into the top 20, effectively replacing Leicester University, which fell from 19th to 24th.
Elsewhere, the University of Glasgow maintained its place in the top 30, unchanged from last year while the University of Strathclyde (up to 38th from 41st last year) and the University of Aberdeen (up to 40th from 44th) squeezed into the top 40.
Dundee (up seven places from 49th to 42nd), Stirling (down two places from 45th to 47th), Robert Gordon (down 10 places from 54th to 64th), Queen Margaret (up two spots from 80th to 78th), Glasgow Caledonian (down 11 places from 72nd to 83rd), Abertay (down four places from 91st to 95th) and Edinburgh Napier (up nine places from 101st to 92nd) all made the top 100 while the University of the West of Scotland (UWS) placed 118th, up one spot from 119th last year.
The institutions were ranked for entry standards; student satisfaction; student / staff ratio; graduate prospects; research intensity; research assessment; academic services spend; facilities spend; good honours and completion.
In separate listings covering 67 different subjects, the University of St Andrews is in the top 10 rankings for 23 out of 25 subjects, placing first for Middle Eastern and African Studies and Theology and Religious Studies.
Both Edinburgh and Glasgow appear in top 10 listings for 20 subjects, with Glasgow topping Dentistry and Nursing.